Gold plays an important part in central banks’ reserves management, and they are significant holders of gold. This gold reserve data – compiled using IMF IFS statistics – tracks central banks’ reported purchases and sales along with gold as a percentage of their international reserves.

For more information see our Gold Demand Trends report.

Commentary

Global central bank gold reserves increased by 19.4t in April based on available data, flipping back to net purchases following net sales of 9.4t during March. Uzbekistan was the largest purchaser in the month, increasing its gold reserves by 8.7t. Turkey continued its gold buying this year by purchasing another 5.6t in the month, while Kazakhstan purchased 5.3t in the month. Sales were dominated by Germany, which sold 0.9t in April, while Mexico and Czech Republic sold 0.1t each.

 

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Data as of

Sources: Central Banks, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, International Monetary Fund, World Bank, World Gold Council; Disclaimer

This chart was updated in May 2022 and reports data available at that time. Data are taken from the International Monetary Fund's International Financial Statistics (IFS), May 2022 edition, and other sources where applicable. IFS data are two months in arrears, so holdings are as of March 2022 for most countries, February 2022 or earlier for late reporters. Where the World Gold Council knows of movements that are not reported to the IMF or misprints, changes have been made.

The percentage share held in gold of total foreign reserves is calculated by the World Gold Council. The value of gold holdings is calculated using the end of quarter LBMA Gold Price, which is published daily by ICE Benchmark Administration for the value of other reserves are taken from IFS, table ‘Total Reserves minus Gold’.

Length and Frequency

Quarterly official gold holdings from 2000, as well as the latest available month-end data for the Top 100 holders.

Monthly and annual detailed changes in gold reserves from January 2002.

Annual sales by CBGA signatories from 1999.

Update Schedule

Monthly files are updated within the first 10 days of the month (with data two months in arrears). Quarterly data is updated a month after the end of the quarter.

Units

Holdings are given in tonnes, US$ value and % of total reserves. Changes in holdings are measured in tonnes.

 

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